The 19th Century Today
If you believe 19th century openings are history, we got news for you. They are very much alive and surround us more than ever before.
The voices of the past have a familiar ring to today's masters and grandmasters, and they often use them to their advantage.
THE URUSOV GAMBIT
In the 19th century, Sergey Semenyenovich Urusov (1827-1897) introduced the gambit opening 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.d4 ed4 4.Nf3 Ne4 5.Qd4. Opening Theory is still not finished with this.
LA GRANDE VARIANTE
Many variations of the Open Ruy Lopez have come and gone. La Grande Variante has stood its ground since the 19th century. Its mysteries are still unsolved, but we are getting closer.
How much space would Wilhelm Steinitz have needed to analyse his favourite move 4...Qh4 in the 19th century? Today, theoretician Lev Gutman requires no fewer than 272 packed pages.
38 NIC Surveys Yearbook 59Sicilian Defence: Polugaevsky Variation 10.ef6 by KarolyiSicilian Defence: Najdorf Variation 6.Bc4 by OlthofSicilian Defence: Najdorf Variation 6.Be3 Ng4 by Ivanchuk, TiviakovSicilian Defence: Najdorf Variation 6.Be3 e5 by Anand, TiviakovSicilian Defence: Accelerated Dragon 5.c4 by Grischuk, BoschSicilian Defence: Kan Variation 5.Bd3 g6 by BoschPirc Defence: The 150 Attack 4.Be3 c6 5.h3 by FogarasiFrench Defence: Winawer Variation 6...Qc7 7.Qg4 f5 by Van der TakFrench Defence: Tarrasch Variation 3...Nf6 by M.Gurevich, KuijfCaro-Kann Defence: Exchange Variation 5...Qc7; 5...e5 by AfekCaro-Kann Defence: Advance Variation 3...c5 4.dc5 e6 by Kramnik, BoschCaro-Kann Defence: A Modern Defence Hybrid 3...g6 by Van der WielPetroff Defence: Marshall Variation 6.Bd3 Bd6 by Anand, Van de MortelRuy Lopez Opening: Breyer Variation 9...Nb8 by Van der SterrenRuy Lopez Opening: Open Variation 9.Nbd2 by KarolyiRuy Lopez Opening: Open Variation 9.c3 by Karolyi, Van der TakKings Pawn Opening: Urusov Gambit 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.d4 by Van der TakScotch Opening: Steinitz Variation 4...Qh4 by OlthofScotch Opening: Miles Variation 4...Bb4 5.c3 Bc5 by Van der TakModern Defence: The Chaos Counter-Attack 5...f5 by Appleberry, OkhotnikQueens Gambit Declined: Blackburne Variation 10.0-0-0 by KarolyiQueens Gambit Declined: Exchange Variation 10...g6 11.Rb1 Nh5 by Llanos, SoppeSlav Defence: Chebanenko Variation 5.a4 by RogozenkoSlav Defence: Alatortsev Variation 5...c5 by Morozevich, Van de MortelSlav Defence: The Semi-Slav 6.a4 by Lalic, KuijfSlav Defence: Anti-Moscow Gambit 6.Bh4 by VilelaSlav Defence: Chebanenko Variation 5.Qc2 by DautovTarrasch Defence: Rubinstein Variation 6.g3 by BoschTarrasch Defence: Rubinstein Variation 6.g3 by BoschQueens Gambit Accepted: Central Variation 5...Nc6 by KarolyiCatalan Opening: Closed Variation 9...Ba6 by Raetsky, ChetverikQueens Indian Defence: Petrosian Variation 7.Qa4 Qd7 by Karpov, Van der SterrenQueens Indian Defence: Petrosian Variation 4...Ba6 5.Qc2 by Agdestein, Van de MortelGrnfeld Indian Defence: Russian Variation 7...Nc6 by KarolyiKings Indian Defence: Bayonet Attack 10.Re1 by Hazai, LukacsKings Indian Defence: Rumanian Variation 9.g4 by Gallagher, PliesterKings Indian Defence: Averbakh Variation 6...c5 by LangewegKings Indian Defence: Seirawans Favourite 5.Bd3 by Adla, Glavina
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